Elements of Plot
The exposition is the introduction to a story, including the primary characters' names, setting, mood, and time.
The conflict is the primary problem that drives the plot of the story, often a main goal for the protagonist to achieve or overcome.
The rising action of the story is all of the events that lead to the eventual climax, including character development and events that create suspense. I call these event complications because they make the protagonist's journey more difficult.
The climax is the most exciting point of the story, and is a turning point for the plot or goals of the main character.
Years ago, a student asked, "What if they story is not exciting?" That's when I began to focus on calling it the turning point. There's always an event in the story that changes everything.
The falling action is everything that happens as a result of the climax, including wrapping-up of plot points, questions being answered, and character development.
You will never hear me talking about falling action.
The resolution is not always happy, but it does complete the story. It can leave a reader with questions, answers, frustration, or satisfaction.
Warning: You're about to read more than you want to know. Some people just refer to this as the conclusion, but that's just another way of saying "The End." There's a French word you may hear -denouement - which means "untying the knot." (You may here some people say this is where the loose end are all tied up, but that's the opposite of what the word means. The knot represents the problem, and the untying of it is solving the problem. Sometimes, the problem is never solved, and it's not always resolved in the way we (or the protagonist) expects.
(source: with additional notes from Mr. Skipper)
Watch this video
and see if you can identify all of the elements of plot.