Nouns & Pronouns
There are several different types of noun, as follows:
A common noun is a noun that refers to people or things in general, e.g. boy, country, bridge, city, birth, day, happiness.
A proper noun is a name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing, e.g. Steven, Africa, London, Monday. In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.
A concrete noun is a noun which refers to people and to things that exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted. Examples include dog, building, coffee, tree, rain, beach, tune.
An abstract noun is a noun which refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions - things that cannot be seen or touched and things which have no physical reality, e.g. truth, danger, happiness, time, friendship, humor.
Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things, e.g. audience, family, government, team, jury. In American English, most collective nouns are treated as singular, with a singular verb:
The whole family was at the table.
A compound noun is a noun made by combining two words, e.g. backpack, sidewalk, toothpaste.
A noun may belong to more than one category. For example, happiness is both a common noun and an abstract noun, while Mount Everest is both a concrete noun and a proper noun.
Common and Proper Nouns (video 2 mins)
Compound Nouns (video 3 mins)
Count and Non-Count Nouns (video 4 mins)
Regular and Irregular Nouns (video 3 mins)
Subject / Verb Agreement
Guide to Grammar quiz 1