Using Gale

Try this link.

If it doesn't work,

follow these steps.


>Go to the GPISD home page


>Library Resources

>GPISD Databases

>Gale Database

>Middle School Resources

Click 'Sign in with Google'

to link it to your Google drive and use

'Research in Context'.

When you find articles you like,

you can add them to you Google drive. There, you can highlight and add notes

(for a grade) like this.

LOTS of Resources


The Outline



Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing


Citing Sources



conclusion rosemary-jann-quote.jpg

The Conclusion

Take a look at this website.

It gives a very straightforward explanation of the research process, including


     writing your conclusion

Here is my edited version of

Conclusion of a Research Paper: Excellent Pieces of Advice (

A conclusion of a research paper seems to be one of the most challenging parts of the work. The writer doesn’t have anything left to say to the reader. Moreover, the writer’s at a loss – why on earth should (s)he repeat everything?!

A research papers conclusion is not a mere repetition of the information presented; it’s a general outline, a brief overview of the most critical points of the field studied.

The conclusion of a research paper 

  • stresses the importance of the thesis statement;

  • gives your work a sense of completeness;

  • impresses your reader.

Critical Aspects of Writing a Conclusion for an Assignment

A. Summarize Thesis Statement

Don’t provide any additional explanations or details to the topic. When writing a good conclusion to an essay, you should restate in essence the thesis statement you wrote in the introduction. 

Take your readers back to the basic ideas of the paper. What is the initial issue you are pursuing to convey readers?

B. Choose Your Approach

If you writing a good conclusion for a research paper, you may also take one of several approaches other than revising your introduction:

  • Outline main points or your assignment. Make sure that you not just listing arguments but summarizing them.

  • Provide a clear statement giving the research topic a deeper meaning.

  • Express the overall significance of cases stated in your paper.

C. Common Mistakes You Should Avoid

  1. Weak conclusion. It leaves your readers unsatisfied and disappointed. When you write uncertain concluding sentences for essays, it also reduces the ability of your arguments to convey its primary thesis and lessens the quality of the paper.

  2. Abruptly concluding the research paper. Your essay should make an expression of finished writing, not just a part. So make sure that you expressed your thoughts entirely.

  3. Avoiding a conclusion. You can make this mistake when all your convincing facts and arguments stated throughout the body of the paper. And this causes you fail including good conclusion sentences for essays. If you write a research assignment in this manner, the paper’s overall quality will be lessened, and your reader might find it abruptly ended.

  4. Providing any new information. A conclusion should only summarize your research. Include all your findings and arguments in body paragraphs.

  5. Lack of focus or filling ending an essay with inappropriate or extraneous information.

  6. Lack of an appropriate length. Some students tend to finish a paper with a single or a few sentences. Moreover, closing sentences for essays merely attempt to revisit the paper’s thesis in a simplistic or crude way. If you make this mistake, you will give your readers a sense of laziness. Don’t do that! You need a good conclusion, don’t you? Write at least one comprehensive paragraph at the bare minimum. 


D. What you can include in your research paper ending

  • Echo your introduction

  • Restate your thesis statement, making it more general

  • Summarize your major ideas

  • Explain to your reader why your paper is meaningful

  • Show the results of your work

  • Make the reader think of your topic’s importance

  • Challenge the reader by posing a question

  • Write a warning or hypothesis

  • Introduce a relevant quote

  • Tell an appropriate anecdote


E. Final Points

Powerful conclusions of your research papers must tie up all of the arguments, facts, and circumstances you presented in your paper’s body and point out where they might eventually lead.

Nevertheless, ending sentences is not the place to introduce new information or claims that you have not stated anywhere else in your writing.

Remember: the last thing your readers will see are closing words for an essay. It is your last chance to impress them with a definite statement that connects your paper’s principal argument without raising new questions.

They say a conclusion of a research paper should be its best part. Try to prove this idea!